Parameter Scope (from Fraktal SAS Programming)

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Since scope is the only property of MACRO variables, declaration is easy: Simply assign each variable used to one of these two groups.

However, there is a set of rules requiring your attention:

  • A particular variable name may appear in an unlimited number of tables.
  • MACROs may be nested to form unlimited invocation hierarchies.
  • A calling MACRO’s local table appears global to the called MACRO.
  • Read references to variables are performed 1st against the local table.
  • Write references are processed likewise: local 1st, global 2nd.
  • Write references not met in the invocation hierarchy generate a local variable.


Obviously variable declaration is a critical issue in a validated environment. If not done in total then the validation status of the whole system is questionable.

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